Former Israeli PM Shamir Dies

Jerome Delay / AP

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir listens to a speech by Jordanian Foreign Minister Kamel Jaber at the Middle East Peace Conference, Oct. 31, 1991 in Madrid. Shamir urged the group to hold further mideast peace talks in Arab Lands. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

Yitzhak Shamir, the former Israeli prime minister who led his nation through the 1991 Gulf War, died on Saturday. He was 96. In a statement, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that Shamir, who dedicated his life to an independent Jewish homeland, “led Israel with a deep loyalty to the nation.” Shamir was born Yitzhak Jazernicki in Poland and moved to Palestine in 1935. Shamir, whose terms as prime minister made him the second-longest serving official to hold the post, suffered from Alzheimer’s disease for the last 10 years of his life.