Gurdon, Yamanaka Win Medicine Nobel

    Image #: 19667529    Kyoto University Professor Shinya Yamanaka (L) and John Gurdon of the Gurdon Institute in Cambridge are seen at a symposium on induced pluripotent stem cell in Tokyo, in this photo taken by Kyodo on April 2008. Scientists from Britain and Japan shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine on Monday for the discovery that adult cells can be reprogrammed back into stem cells which can turn into any kind of tissue and may one day repair damaged organs. John Gurdon, 79, of the Gurdon Institute in Cambridge, Britain and Shinya Yamanaka, 50, of Kyoto University in Japan, discovered ways to create tissue that would act like embryonic cells, without the need to harvest embryos. They share the $1.2 million prize equally. Picture taken April 2008. Mandatory Credit. REUTERS/Kyodo (JAPAN - Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY PROFILE HEALTH) FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS. MANDATORY CREDIT. JAPAN OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN JAPAN       REUTERS /KYODO /LANDOV

    Kyodo / Reuters-Landov

    Two scientists who discovered that mature cells can be turned back into stem cells won the Nobel Prize in Medicine on Monday. John Gurdon of Britain and Shinya Yamanaka of Japan made the revolutionary find that cells could be reprogrammed, groundbreaking research that may make radical new treatments possible. The Nobel committee said the pair’s work has “revolutionized our understanding of how cells and organisms develop.” Gurdon, a 79-year-old professor at Cambridge University, made the first crucial breakthroughs in his research in 1962.

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