1. CONFLICT

    Congo Rebels Refuse to Retreat

    M23 rebels patrol around Congo's Central Bank in Goma, eastern Congo, Monday Nov. 26, 2012. Regional leaders meeting in Uganda called for an end to the advance by M23 rebels toward Congo's capital, and also urged the Congolese government to sit down with rebel leaders as residents fled some towns for fear of more fighting between the rebels and army. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

    Jerome Delay / AP Photo

    Congolese rebels said on Tuesday they were still in control of Goma, despite earlier reports that they had agreed to retreat. Congo’s government has said it will not participate in peace talks unless the rebels leave Goma, which they captured last week. An estimated 500,000 people have fled the area due to the violence in Goma, the largest city in eastern Congo. Both Uganda and Rwanda, two of Congo’s neighbors, have denied United Nations accusations that they are backing the rebels, known as the M23. Both the M23 and Rwanda’s government are ethnic Tutsi, and reports on Monday indicated that Hutu extremists known as the FDLR had crossed the border from Rwanda and attacked the rebels, although the FDLR has denied those reports.

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