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DEBT

Euro zone Zaunches Bailout Fund

A permanent fund established to defend against the spread of the European debt crisis will launch Monday, according to euro-zone officials. The €500 billion (about $653 billion) European Stability Mechanism was put in place by finance ministers to help return equilibrium to the 17-nation common currency. Officials have their eye on Spain, the latest front in the battle against spreading debt, as the fund launches. In July, €100 billion was set aside, and the country is expected to ask for about half that amount in coming months to help recapitalize Spain’s banks.