Roman Soldier Burns the Torah Scroll, 50 A.D.
Josephus, a Jewish historian at the first century, recorded one of the first incidents of book burning in 50 A.D.: a Roman soldier seized a copy of the Torah scroll and burned it in public. The incident almost led to a Jewish revolt against Roman rule, but the Roman government beheaded the soldier to avoid the rebellion. Not only was the incident an early event of book burning, many followed in the soldier’s footsteps in burning Jewish holy texts. In the 1480s, Tomas Torquemada ordered the burning of all anti-Catholic literature, including the Talmud and many Arabic texts.