It is a true measure of how ingrained circuses were in American culture at the turn of the last century that circus toys were extremely popular. As a child the American sculptor Alexander Calder made his own circus out of household cast-offs like wire and empty thread spools, but most young circus fans happily made do with miniature circus figures manufactured by the A. Schoenhut Company in Philadelphia. Durably constructed out of wood, cloth, paper, nails, enamel paint, elastic cords, metal, wood composition material, and papier-mâché, the figures in Schoenhut’s Humpty Dumpty Circus are now highly collectible objects, with individual figures selling for anywhere from several hundred to several thousand dollars each. Andy Yaffee Collection. Courtesy of the Bard Graduate Center: Decorative Arts, Design History, Material Culture; New York. Photographer: Bruce White.