Minimalist Rock

The Stacks: Pauline Kael's Talking Heads Obession

It's been almost 30 years since movie critic Pauline Kael got blown away by Jonathan Demme's Talking Heads concert film, but her shrewd enthusiasm is still persuasive.

I was already a full-blown movie freak by the time I was in 8th grade. I remember where I was as a kid—and who I was with—because of what movies were out. I used to cut out the full-page movie ads from the Sunday New York Times each week, just to look at them. Often, the movies I most wanted to see were ones that I never did see, not until later. But I remember my dad taking my brother and me to see Superman on 44th Street, My Favorite Year at the Paramount, Tron at the New Yorker Theater or Rocky III in the wobbly balcony of the old Loews 83rd Street. Eventually, when I'd saved enough allowance—or more likely, pinched a ten dollar bill from my grandmother's purse—I started going to the movies by myself.

It was a raw and cold Saturday afternoon in March 1985 when I took myself to the Lincoln Plaza Cinema to see Amadeus, the movie that would was about to win Best Picture. I'd wanted to see it for months and felt very grown-up about the whole thing. So I was dejected when I got the theater and the late afternoon show was sold out. I wasn't going home without watching something so I bought a ticket for the Talking Heads' concert movie, Stop Making Sense. What the hell, right?

I saw Amadeus a few weeks later and enjoyed it. It made me feel as sophisticated and adult as I'd hoped. But it didn't elevate me like Stop Making Sense did. Actually, watching Stop Making Sense turned out to be one of the most memorable experiences I've ever had watching a movie in the theater. I liked the Talking Heads—my uncle had been a huge fan of theirs for years and around this time “Burning Down the House” was in heavy-rotation on MTV—but nothing prepared me for the radiance of Jonathan Demme's movie.

If you've never seen it, hey, do yourself a favor. The movie remains fresh and vibrant. In the meantime, who better to convey the film's appeal than Pauline Kael, the fabulous longtime New Yorker movie critic. It is republished here with permission from Kael's daughter; please enjoy the review, originally titled, “Three Cheers.” -Alex Belth

Stop Making Sense makes wonderful sense. A concert film by the New York new-wave rock band Talking Heads, it was shot during three performances at the Hollywood Pantages Theatre in December 1983, and the footage has been put together without interviews and with very few cutaways. The director, Jonathan Demme, offers us a continuous rock experience that keeps building, becoming ever more intense and euphoric. This has not been a year when American movies overflowed with happiness; there was some in Splash, and there's quite a lot in All of Me — especially in its last, dancing minutes. Stop Making Sense is the only current movie that's a dose of happiness from beginning to end. The lead singer, David Byrne, designed the stage lighting and the elegantly plain performance-art environments (three screens used for back-lit slide projections); there's no glitter, no sleaze. The musicians aren't trying to show us how hot they are; the women in the group aren't there to show us some skin. Seeing the movie is like going to an austere orgy—which turns out to be just what you wanted.

Clean-shaven, with short hair slicked back, and wearing white sneakers and a light-colored suit, with his shirt buttoned right up to his Adam's apple, the gaunt David Byrne, who founded the group, comes on alone (with his acoustic guitar and a tape player) for the first number, “Psycho Killer.” He's so white he's almost mock-white, and so are his jerky, long-necked, mechanical-man movements. He seems fleshless, bloodless; he might almost be a black man's parody of how a clean-cut white man moves. But Byrne himself is the parodist, and he commands the stage by his hollow-eyed, frosty verve. Byrne's voice isn't a singer's voice—it doesn't have the resonance. It's more like a shouter's or chanter's voice, with an emotional carryover—a faintly metallic wail—and you might expect it to get strained or tired. But his voice never seems to crack or weaken, and he's always in motion—jiggling, aerobic walking, jumping, dancing. (They shade into each other.) Byrne has a withdrawn, disembodied, sci-fi quality, and though there's something unknowable and almost autistic about him, he makes autism fun. He gives the group its modernism — the undertone of repressed hysteria, which he somehow blends with freshness and adventurousness and a driving beat. When he comes on wearing a boxlike “big suit”—his body lost inside this form that sticks out around him like the costumes in Noh plays, or like Beuys' large suit of felt that hangs off a wall—it's a perfect psychological fit. He's a handsome, freaky golem. When he dances, it isn't as if he were moving the suit—the suit seems to move him. And this big box that encloses him is only an exaggeration of his regular nerd-dandy clothes. Byrne may not be human (he rejects ordinary, show-biz forms of ingratiation, such as smiling), but he's a stupefying performer—he even bobs his head like a chicken, in time to the music.

After Byrne's solo, the eight other members of the group come on gradually, by ones and twos, in the order in which they originally joined up with him, so you see the band take form. Tina Weymouth, the bass player, who also sings, comes on next; a sunny, radiant woman with long blond hair, she's smiling and relaxed. (She couldn't be more unlike Byrne—he's bones, she's flesh.) Watching her, you feel she's doing what she wants to do. And that's how it is with the drummer, Chris Frantz, and the keyboard man, Jerry Harrison, and the others in the sexually integrated, racially integrated group. The seven musicians and the two women who provide vocal backing interact without making a point of it; you feel that they like working together, and that if they're sweating they're sweating for themselves, for their pleasure in keeping the music going. They're not suffering for us; they're sharing their good times with us. This band is different from the rock groups that go in for charismatic lighting and sing of love and/or sex. David Byrne dances in the guise of a revved-up catatonic; he's an idea man, an aesthetician who works in the modernist mode of scary, catatonic irony. That's what he emanates. Yet when the other Talking Heads are up there with him for a song such as “Once in a Lifetime,” the tension and interplay are warm—they're even beatific. The group encompasses Byrne's art-rock solitariness and the dissociation effects in the spare—somewhat Godardian—staging. The others don't come together with Byrne, but the music comes together. And there's more vitality and fervor and rhythmic dance on the stage than there is with the groups that whip themselves through the motions of sexual arousal and frenzy, and try to set the theater ablaze.

It’s slightly puzzling that this band’s music absorbs many influences—notably African tribal music and gospel (the climactic number here is “Take Me to the River”)—yet doesn’t have much variety. The insistent beat (it stays much the same) works to the movie’s advantage, though. The pulse of the music gives the film a thrilling kind of unity. And Demme, by barely indicating the visual presence of the audience until the end, intensifies the closed-off, hermetic feeling. His decision to keep the camerawork steady (the cinematographer, Jordan Cronenweth, used six mounted cameras, one hand-held, and one Panaglide) and to avoid hotsy-totsy, MTV-style editing concentrates our attention on the performers and the music. The only letdown in energy, I thought, was in Byrne’s one bow to variety—when he left the stage for the Tom Tom Club number. It’s a likable number on its own, but it breaks the musical flow. (It’s also the only number with a cluttered background, and it has a few seconds of banal strobe visuals.) One image in the film also stuck in my craw: a shot of a little boy in the audience holding up his white stuffed unicorn. It’s just too wholesome a comment on the music. But these are piddling flaws. The movie was made on money ($800,000) that was raised by the group itself, and its form was set by aesthetic considerations rather than a series of marketing decisions. (This is not merely a rock concert without showbiz glitz; it’s also a rock concert movie that doesn’t try for visual glitz.) Many different choices could have been made in the shooting and the editing, and maybe some of them might have given the individual numbers (there are sixteen) more modulation, but in its own terms Stop Making Sense is close to perfection.