Omar al-Bashir is the current president of Sudan, who came to power following a bloodless coup in 1989. In 2004, his government granted autonomy to Southern Sudan, and since then violence around Sudan, including Darfur, has displaced millions of people. The U.N. estimates that more than 300,000 people have died in Darfur, and that the government is responsible for much of the carnage. In 2009, the International Criminal Court issued an
arrest warrant for him on charges of crimes against humanity. The ICC did not officially accuse him of genocide, and he denies all charges. Bashir
said the warrant is not “worth the ink it is written on,” and Sudan has refused to give him up. Southern Sudan is scheduled to become an independent nation this year, following a referendum—whose results were accepted by Khartoum.