Gurdon, Yamanaka Win Medicine Nobel

Two scientists who discovered that mature cells can be turned back into stem cells won the Nobel Prize in Medicine on Monday. John Gurdon of Britain and Shinya Yamanaka of Japan made the revolutionary find that cells could be reprogrammed, groundbreaking research that may make radical new treatments possible. The Nobel committee said the pair’s work has “revolutionized our understanding of how cells and organisms develop.” Gurdon, a 79-year-old professor at Cambridge University, made the first crucial breakthroughs in his research in 1962.