1970: Troubles by J.G. Farrell
No, the date on this is not a typo. When the Booker was started in 1969, it was awarded retrospectively, to books published the year before the prize was announced. In 1971, the rules were changed, and the award has since gone to books published contemporaneously, the same year the award is given. Caught between the timing change were the unfortunate novels of 1970, which were never eligible. A mere 40 years later, the Booker committee atoned for its 1970 snub. In May 2010, the Booker Prize for 1970 was awarded to J.G. Farrell for
The Troubles, an Irish comic masterpiece about a grand hotel in decline much like the country subsumed by violence around it. The win came 30 years too late for Farrell, who died in 1979, but the author didn't miss out on fame and the esteem of his peers. The second installment in his trilogy,
The Siege of Krishnapur, won a Booker in 1973.