CLOAK AND DAGGER
12 Amateur Spies Paved the Way to War Against the Nazis
America’s first foray into dark ops began 75 years ago with a small band of untrained men who laid the groundwork for the successful invasion of North Africa in WWII.
The Dark Path to Victory, Part 1
Shortly past midnight, November 8, 1942, the largest amphibious assault the world had ever seen struck the North African coast.
A enormous armada had steamed undetected as far as 4,000 miles to a few miles off three main landing zones scattered along 1,200 miles of North Africa’s Atlantic and Mediterranean seaboard. The nearly 900 warships and transports carried 107,000 soldiers—82,600 of them U.S. Army troops, the rest British and Commonwealth soldiers.