It is clear the U.S.-led coalition vastly underestimated the number of civilians trapped with ISIS in its last Syrian redoubt.
Airwars monitors and assesses civilian harm from airpower-dominated international military actions. It seeks transparency and accountability from belligerents, and advocates on behalf of affected non-combatants. It archives open-source casualty reports, and military claims by nations.
With Chechnya as his model, the Russian president is willing to level whole cities to enforce ‘peace.’ For Putin, civilian suffering is a tool to be exploited to win the war.
A year and a half ago, much of the world’s attention was focused on the battles to oust ISIS from bastions in Iraq and Syria. But it had staked a claim in Libya, too.