He was only 18, but travelled a road from atheism to Islamism to ISIS and self-immolation in Iraq. Was he really such a philosopher? Or was he a pawn of ISIS? Or both?
Haras Rafiq is managing director of Quilliam, a globally active think tank focusing on matters of integration, citizenship and identity, religious freedom, extremism and immigration. Rafiq was formerly a member of the UK Government task force looking at countering extremism in response to the 2005 terrorist bombings in London.