Bologna is widely considered the mecca of Italian food, earning it the nickname “la grassa” or “the fat one” for its epicurean and affluent reputation. The city and its environs are where lasagna, tortellini, and Bolognese sauce—not to mention bologna—originated. The whole region is an orgiastic delight for gourmands, with nearby Modena home to balsamic vinegar and Parma just up the road the home of Parmasean cheese and Parma ham. So it is little wonder that when the founders of Italy’s uber-successful Made in Italy food citadel, Eataly, were looking for somewhere to open a theme park, they naturally thought of Bologna.
The move is part of an effort to harness tourism in Italy to kick-start the economy. The theme park, which will be called FICO Eataly World, is a joint venture with a start up investment of around $55 million divided between a host of food-friendly entities, including Fabbrica Italiana Contadina, and the local Bologna city government, which has already raised more than $100 million to get started. Eataly president Oscar Farinetti says he hopes to draw on Eataly’s global success. The Italian food mecca has 26 stores world wide, with the largest number in Italy and Japan and the most successful store in Hong Kong. Farinetti hopes to lure six million visitors a year using the Eataly reputation for offering food products and cuisine that represent all of Italy’s diverse cultural traditions. He hopes the venture will become the “Disneyland of Food,” making around $118 million annually within five years and creating some 5,000 new jobs, including hiring 1,340 people to work in the stores and restaurants and the rest for logistics like transporting produce and keeping stock. Ground will break in April for the 20-acre park, which will feature around 125 restaurants, grocery stores, food courts, and learning labs. There will be “live trees” where customers can pick their produce, and spaces for kids to play with food.
The city of Bologna has donated the land and a slew of abandoned public warehouses that will be converted into food spaces. There will even be a giant aquarium on site featuring Mediterranean food chain fish. The theme park is expected to open in 2015 to coincide with the World Expo in Milan. “It is an opportunity to show off our extraordinary biodiversity resources in this country,” says Farinetti. “And to help push us towards our economic potential.”
One of the key features of Eataly will be the educational opportunities available. The organizers hope to host seminars, offer culinary classes and provide certified training for all sectors of the food industry. There will be 15 auditorium style classrooms, each with a capacity for 700 students. The organizers say there will be plots of land to test and study different varieties of vegetables grown in the country. “We want to teach at least 3 million students that pears do not grow on supermarket shelves,” Farinetti says. “We will produce wine, grains, vegetables and other foods of the earth and serve them in the restaurants and sell them in the grocery stores.”
Still, not everyone is thrilled at the idea of the world’s largest theme park dedicated to Italian food. While Eataly has so far kept its promise to only sell Italian products in its global stores, there has been a resonating concern that the “McDonaldization” of Italian cuisine in an Ikea-style megastore will hurt the smaller producers. Food and art critic Tomaso Montaniri staged a protest when Eataly announced plans to open one of its stores in Florence. “Italy represents a renaissance like what McDonalds did to sandwiches,” he says. “The creativity of the cuisine is a minimum and the commercial potential is maximum.” He also says the “spirit of Eataly is contrary to the Slow Food movement or zero kilometer initiative to eat local.”
Instead, he says, Eataly makes it so easy to get everything from every Italian region in one spot that there will eventually be no reason to go anywhere else in the country but Eataly. That might be exactly what the founders and developers of the new theme park have in mind.